The Best First-Time Home Buyer Programs in The Metro DC Area

The most difficult step for most first-time home buyers is often saving up enough funds for a down payment. Especially in a housing market like the Washington region, where homes for sale can be quite expensive, setting aside the funds to purchase a home can be tough. Not only do homes cost a lot of money, requiring more cash for even a minimal down payment, but rents are also high, making it tougher to save up money to begin with. We recently published a guide for first-time home buyers, packed with valuable tips, so check it out in addition to this resource.

With all this being said, fortunately, there are a variety of programs to help first-time homebuyers.

Whether they’re funded by a nonprofit organization, state housing finance agencies, or financial institutions with special first mortgage products, there are many programs out there that prospective buyers just don’t know about.

Some require buyers to repay a portion of the help they received when they purchased their home, while others don’t.

Which first-time homebuyer program might be right for you?

D.C. First-Time Homebuyer Programs

Home Purchase Assistance Program (HPAP)

Administered by the D.C. Department of Housing and Community Development, this program provides financing assistance up to $50,000 and closing cost assistance of $4,000 for first-time buyers in DC.

Funding ranges from $10,000 to $80,000, depending on your household income.

With the goal of making sure the payments are not an additional burden on the borrowers, HPAP assistance offers 40-year loans, with payments deferred for the first five years.

There are additional perks for city employees, including deferred loans for up to $10,000 and closing cost assistance up to $1,500.

DC Open Doors

This program has provided $4 million in down payment assistance for more than 500 home buyers since it launched in 2013.

It’s open to all applicants who:

  • Don’t currently own a home.
  • Are buying a home in the District, and
  • Have an individual borrower income that’s no more than $140,640.

Have a credit score of 680 or higher is required for loans with a 5 percent down payment.

If you prefer to make a down payment, you can also take advantage of low-interest loans with lower mortgage-insurance requirements – and they’ve all been vetted by the DCHFA.

There are currently six different loan programs with and without down payment assistance. The down payment assistance is up to 3 percent or 3.5 percent depending on the loan program, so that buyers can have 100 percent financing if needed.

The second mortgage for the down payment is fully forgivable after five years. (This second loan can be used for closing costs).

Mortgage credit certificate

Launched in 2016, this program allows eligible first-time buyers to use 20 percent of the mortgage interest they paid as a credit against the balance they owe on their income taxes.

Here’s how it works: let’s say you owe $5,000 in income taxes and paid $10,000 in mortgage interest. You would be able to claim a credit of $2,000 and pay just $3,000 in taxes.

The maximum household income to qualify for the tax credit is $164,080 for a household with three or more people.

Maryland First-Time Homebuyer Programs

Maryland SmartBuy 2.0

This amazing program is not very well known but can be tremendous benefit for individuals with college debt who want to transition into home ownership. This program basically works by simultaneously paying off college debt while purchasing a home through the Maryland Mortgage Program financing discussed below. A qualifying homebuyer can purchase a home through the Maryland Mortgage Program, and use up to 15% of the value of the home (up to $40,000) to pay off their student debt while still counting toward their new home. In addition, Maryland SmartBuy 2.0 allows you to purchase any home in Maryland that meets the Maryland Mortgage Program guidelines unlike version 1.0 that limited you to ready-to-move-in homes owned by the state and program. The program can bring up to $40,000 in student debt relief.

To qualify for Maryland SmartBuy 2.0 program, homebuyers must have an existing student debt with a minimum balance of $1,000.

This is a great opportunity for first-time homebuyers who have been scared into transitioning into ownership due to college debt. Take a look at Maryland Homes For Sale, to see all the current homes available.

Maryland Mortgage Program

This popular program provides a 30-year, fixed-rate deferred payment loan at 0 percent interest to cover down payment and closing costs up to 5 percent of the purchase price. It helps to think of it almost like a grant – you’ll only repay it when you sell or refinance your home.

The program also includes a low-interest first loan. Household Income limits in Maryland range from $92,500 up to $154,420, depending on property location and household size

At least one of the buyers must be a “first-time” home buyer – in this case, that means someone who hasn’t owned a home in the previous three years.

Mortgage Credit Certificate

Home buyers are able to take an income tax credit up to a maximum of $2,000 of the mortgage interest paid on their loans through the Maryland mortgage program.


Virginia First-Time Homebuyer Programs

VHDA Down Payment Grant

In Northern Virginia, first-time buyers with a maximum income of $97,520 for a household of one or two people, or $113,840 for a household with three or more people, can qualify for a down payment grant of 3 percent or 3.5 percent of the home price. The maximum home price to qualify for the grant is $500,000.

In Northern Virginia, many first-time home buyers opt for a Fannie Mae loan with a 3 percent down payment requirement and no mortgage insurance. Borrowers need to have a FICO score of 660 or above and, need to demonstrate that they can repay the loan.


Are you a first-time buyer who doesn’t qualify for the grant program? You may be eligible for an FHA Plus loan, which provides a down payment of 3 to 5 percent in the form of a second mortgage loan which is repaid over 30 years at a low interest rate.

The maximum income for FHA Plus in Northern Virginia is $125,700 for a household with one or two people or $146,700 for a household with three or more people. The maximum eligible home price is $500,000.

VHDA mortgage tax credit certificate

If you’re a first-time Virginia home buyer who used VHDA loan program to purchase your home and you meet the income and home price criteria of the FHA Plus program, you’re are eligible for a mortgage credit certificate.

This tax credit can be used for the entire time the borrowers keep the loan. It also gives them a credit — which is better than a deduction — on their federal income taxes for the first 20 percent of the mortgage interest they pay. They can still take a deduction on the other 80 percent of the mortgage interest paid. Because you can only use this credit if you have an actual tax liability, many higher-income borrowers in Northern Virginia are able to use this credit.

Too often, money issues stand in the way of first-time homeownership. A recent survey found that 80 percent of millennial renters want to buy a home, but most say they can’t afford to. With these first-time homebuyer programs in your arsenal, you won’t have to be one of them.


Let ONE Street Help

Attempting to figure out which program best fits your needs and if you meet qualification requirements can be confusing and stressful. The ONE Street Company has an amazing team of loan officers and lending partners that can help answer any and all of your questions to figure out your best options with absolutely no strings attached. Schedule a free consultation today and let us help you on your real estate journey.



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